Appellate court: Pritzker has authority to set inmate transfer protocols

Appellate court: Pritzker has authority to set inmate transfer protocols

IDOC says it follows safety guidelines before accepting inmates from county jails

Editor's note: This article has been updated to reflect new information from an Illinois Department of Corrections spokesperson. The spokesperson previously stated to Capitol News Illinois that IDOC unknowingly accepted two COVID-19 positive men into a state facility, but later corrected her statement to reflect that it was only one inmate.

Capitol News Illinois

SPRINGFIELD — A state appellate court has temporarily halted a Logan County court order that required state prisons to accept inmates from county jails.

It’s the latest action in a lawsuit filed on behalf of 89 county sheriffs against Gov. JB Pritzker and the director of the Illinois Department of Corrections.

Previously, Logan County Judge Jonathan Wright issued an Aug. 3 order requiring IDOC to “accept transfer of all offenders as required by the Illinois Unified Code of Corrections.

Since that order was issued, there were 1,226 transfers from county jails to IDOC facilities, according to department spokesperson Lindsey Hess.

Hess said in an email that on Aug. 4, Graham Reception and Classification Center in the Montgomery County city of Hillsboro “unknowingly accepted" one COVID-19 positive man from Logan County Jail.  The transfer was separate from one at the same facility in which seven prisoners were denied entry because two of them tested positive for the virus, Hess said.

The spokesperson said 20 staff and one additional inmate have tested positive for the virus at that facility since the transfer occurred. The correctional workers are quarantining at home and the prisoners are isolated.

On Friday, Aug. 21, Illinois’ 4th District Appellate Court reversed Wright’s order by issuing a temporary stay.

Hess said transfers were halted following the appellate court’s decision as counties administer COVID-19 tests 72-hours prior to transfer and the department is awaiting those results. She said intakes will resume on Thursday.

The appellate justices wrote that the governor has authority to “control… the movement of persons” within a disaster area as designated through the governor’s disaster proclamation. They also noted the sheriffs did not argue against Pritzker’s authority to extend a disaster proclamation multiple times.

Thus, it was within the governor’s authority to issue Executive Order 50, which stated, “(IDOC) will resume accepting the transfer of individuals from Illinois county jails. The scheduling of the arrival of individuals from county jails and the intake process to ensure the health and safety of the transferring individuals, as well as all individuals and staff at IDOC, shall be within the sole discretion of the Director of IDOC.”

That replaced Executive Order 13 from March 26, which halted all transfers “with exceptions at the sole discretion of the Director of the Illinois Department of Corrections for limited essential transfers.”

The sheriffs had argued that the protocols put in place by IDOC after the issuance of Executive Order 50 — which include requirements for social distancing, temperature checks, quarantine and testing, among others — were unduly burdensome.

They noted a transferee must have had a negative COVID-19 test taken within three days of transfer, but many tests take five or more days for results to arrive. If an inmate had to leave the premises for a test, it would reset a 14-day quarantine period required before transfer.

A spokesperson for the Illinois Sheriffs’ Association said in an email Wednesday they will “continue to evaluate the protocols and responsibilities established under (Executive Order 50) to determine if they can be achievable for all sheriffs.” 

The court addressed those arguments.

“We acknowledge plaintiffs believe (Executive Order 50) imposes serious hardship on numerous sheriffs' offices throughout the state and is unwise and unfair,” the court wrote in its ruling. “However, we do not pass judgment on whether the governor's actions are unwise or unfair, but rather on whether the governor's actions are authorized.”

In a special note concurring with his fellow appellate justices Lisa Holder White and John Turner, Presiding Justice Robert Steigmann noted he believes Executive Order 50 “addresses the legitimate concerns of the parties, is a good faith attempt to balance the competing interests of the parties and the public, and should be given the chance to accomplish its purpose.”

If IDOC does not apply the order in good faith, “the matter could be brought to this court's attention for reconsideration and possible vacation of the stay,” he wrote.

“We are obviously disappointed in the court’s decision to grant the stay of the preliminary injunction,” the Sheriffs’ Association spokesperson said. “However, we continue to be willing to work with IDOC on this issue as we have from the beginning of the pandemic to move IDOC sentenced inmates into their care.” 

Hess, from IDOC, said the ruling allows the department “to implement its plan to safely resume admissions from the counties,” pointing to the safety protocols that were issued on July 27, prior to the Logan County court order.

“We are committed to working with the county jails to accept new admissions in a manner that protects the health and safety of staff, the incarcerated population and the surrounding community,” she said in a statement.

As of Wednesday, IDOC’s website indicated there were 457 staff and 774 incarcerated individuals confirmed to have contracted COVID-19. Of those, 334 staff and 491 inmates have recovered, according to the data.


Capitol News Illinois is a nonprofit, nonpartisan news service covering state government and distributed to more than 400 newspapers statewide. It is funded primarily by the Illinois Press Foundation and the Robert R. McCormick Foundation.


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Jerry Nowicki

Jerry NowickiJerry Nowicki

Jerry has more than five years of experience in and around state government and nearly 10 years of experience in news. He grew up in south suburban Evergreen Park and received a bachelor’s degree from Illinois State University and a master’s degree online from Purdue University.

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