State making final push to increase census participation
Illinois has strong response rate compared to national average, plenty of room to improve
By RAYMON TRONCOSO
Capitol News Illinois
SPRINGFIELD — The Illinois Department of Human Services said the state is poised to have one of the top census response rates in the country despite two tumultuous months of changing deadlines as determined by the Trump Administration.
Illinois sits at a 69.1 percent self-response rate as of Thursday, up two points from its 67 percent self-response rate on July 19. The national response rate was 64.2 percent.
The state’s 2010 census response rate was 70.5 percent, giving organizers hope of passing that mark by the Sept. 30 deadline – a date recently moved forward one month by the Trump administration.
Illinois currently has the seventh-highest self-response rate of any state in the U.S. and is the only state in the top 10 that has a population exceeding 10 million. Chicago also has the highest response rate for any city with a population over 2 million, according to the Illinois 2020 Census Office.
Maximizing the census count is important, because the population count helps determine federal funding and the number of representatives the state sends to the U.S. House.
The positive trend comes despite challenges posed by the ongoing coronavirus pandemic and changing federal deadlines.
The Illinois 2020 Census Advisory Panel discussed obstacles to self-reporting and shifting standards from the federal government at a regularly scheduled meeting Friday.
“This past month, as you all know, has been a month of many surprises for us at the census office,” Oswaldo Alvarez, co-director of the Illinois Census Office at the IDHS, said.
There were several contributing factors that led the office to reorder its timeline, including delays in in-person door-knocking and the Trump Administration’s Aug. 13 announcement that the census portal would close Sept. 30 instead of Oct. 31.
“So at this point we are operating at the census office as if (Sept. 30) is the official deadline and that’s it, until we are informed otherwise,” Alvarez said. “Because of that, there has been a lot of shifting that we have been doing at the census office.”
Additionally, a July 21 presidential memorandum seeking to exclude illegal immigrants from being counted as it pertains to Congressional apportionment also created confusion at IDHS. That memorandum has since been challenged in court, but, if implemented, would cost Illinois up to two seats in the House.
For the 2020 fiscal year, IDHS was funding more than 360 non-profits and municipal governments for the purpose of increasing census self-response rates. But that number has dwindled to a little more than 250 for fiscal year 2021 due to the pandemic, shifting deadlines and other circumstances.
Funds to those nonprofits are disbursed through 30 other non-profit organizations that serve as regional intermediaries, or RIs, which oversee 12 regions of the state and lead hyperlocal outreach efforts.
Intermediaries include health-based agencies such as the Illinois Primary Health Care Association, community outreach groups such as Teens Against Killing Everywhere, and other organizations such as the Metropolitan Mayors Caucus.
IDHS was allocated $29 million for the 2020 fiscal year to be used for census outreach, including nearly $26 million set aside for regional intermediaries.
State agencies assisting in census outreach were allocated $2.3 million, while approximately $900,000 went to the University of Illinois at Chicago for technical assistance and data analysis.
Due to the coronavirus pandemic, not all the funds were spent before the end of the fiscal year on June 30, so they were reappropriated for the current fiscal year. As of Friday, a little over $4.4 million remains unspent.
“We were nervous that it would be a lot more remaining than 4.4 (million),” Marishonta Wilkerson, also co-director of the Illinois Census Office, said at the meeting. “We thought it would be like 10 (million). But the RI’s were creative, and they found different ways to engage their communities virtually and we are happy about that.”
Still, some areas of the state remain below their self-response target rates. As part of its August report, IDHS said many counties had self-response rates below 50 percent. As of July 29, Hardin, Calhoun, Henderson and Alexander Counties had the lowest response rates, with Hardin County in particular sitting at 31.9 percent, 10 percentage points fewer than the next lowest county.
“The governor’s office has asked us to do a final and bigger push in certain areas of population, so we are having our RI’s gear up and do a big push,” Wilkerson said. “Additional canvassing, door-knocking in rural areas and in particularly the African American, Latinx and Asian areas.”
Capitol News Illinois is a nonprofit, nonpartisan news service covering state government and distributed to more than 400 newspapers statewide. It is funded primarily by the Illinois Press Foundation and the Robert R. McCormick Foundation.