House approves framework allowing legislative staff to unionize

House approves framework allowing legislative staff to unionize

Bill faces uncertain future in Senate

Capitol News Illinois

SPRINGFIELD – Democrats in the Illinois House on Wednesday approved a measure to allow certain legislative staffers to unionize, following in the recent footsteps of lawmakers in California and Oregon.

House Bill 4148 passed 74-35 and now goes to the Senate, where leaders have not yet revealed whether they plan to take it up during lawmakers’ two-week fall session. The vote was the only significant action the House took this week before leaving Springfield and canceling Thursday’s session.

Since last year, staff members under House Speaker Emanuel “Chris” Welch, D-Hillside, have been seeking voluntary recognition for their union in order to negotiate on wages, hours and other working conditions. 

Read more: Welch introduces bill to allow legislative staff to unionize

The Illinois Legislative Staff Association went public with its union drive this spring, followed by months of criticizing the speaker for allegedly refusing to engage with the effort. But last month, Welch announced he supported the staffers’ pursuit and introduced a bill to change current state law that labor experts say specifically prohibits legislative staffers from unionizing.

In a committee hearing Tuesday, Welch sat side by side with the staffers as he presented the bill. The panel also heard from a pair of witnesses who testified that voters’ approval last year of the “Workers’ Rights Amendment” to the state constitution didn’t change the Illinois Public Labor Relations Act’s exclusion of legislative employees from the right to unionize.

Read more: Illinois House Speaker’s staff could test limits of Workers’ Rights Amendment

“But the amendment does not establish the framework under which that can be done,” said Mark Bennett, a lawyer at Chicago-based firm Laner Muchin, which specializes in labor law. 

During debate on the bill Wednesday, Welch told the story of his family voting to remain in the suburbs of Chicago after his father, a union factory worker, was told his company was moving to Georgia – a right-to-work state where he could’ve kept his job but would no longer be unionized.

“He had to work two full-time jobs to make the same amount of money he made in one union job,” Welch said of his father. “I can tell you why I believe in unions…Because unions have always provided a path for people to do better. A path to the middle class. I saw what it did for my family.”

Republicans largely voted against the measure, save for four who voted “present.” Before ultimately voting no, Rep. Ryan Spain, R-Peoria, said he hoped a union contract might curtail the number “all-nighters” the General Assembly had grown accustomed to pulling in recent years when passing major legislation including state budgets and criminal justice reforms.

“In my opinion (they) have not resulted in very good outcomes at a policy level, and they certainly weren’t (a) very good environment for our staff to work,” he said.

In a statement Wednesday, a representative of the union organizing effort said that while there are still details to iron out, the group is confident that “any differences are within reach.”

“We are appreciative of the lines of communication Speaker and his aides have opened, and hope to cultivate a similar relationship with President Harmon and his team going forward,” ILSA organizer Brady Burden said.

Remaining points of contention include whether there would need to be a separate union for staff from each of the four legislative caucuses, and if staffers would be allowed to strike during legislative session days. Currently, the bill prohibits strikes during months when legislative days are scheduled. 

In an interview Tuesday, Burden said a strike would always be a last resort for the union. 

“People don't like to strike,” he said. “You are forfeiting pay. You're putting yourself out there.”

“So the idea that restricting when we can – basically dictating – when workers can or can't strike doesn't really make much sense to us,” he added.

Earlier this month, California Gov. Gavin Newsom signed a measure allowing legislative staff to unionize there after years of stalled efforts. Oregon became the first state to allow such organizing in 2021, though Maine has allowed nonpartisan legislative employees the right to unionize for more than two decades. 

Similar legislative staff union drives in New York, Washington, Massachusetts, Minnesota and New Hampshire are in various stages of organizing.

Capitol News Illinois’ Jerry Nowicki and Peter Hancock contributed. 


Capitol News Illinois is a nonprofit, nonpartisan news service covering state government. It is distributed to hundreds of newspapers, radio and TV stations statewide. It is funded primarily by the Illinois Press Foundation and the Robert R. McCormick Foundation, along with major contributions from the Illinois Broadcasters Foundation and Southern Illinois Editorial Association.


Hannah  Meisel

Hannah MeiselHannah Meisel

Hannah has been covering Illinois government and politics since 2014, and since then has worked for a variety of outlets from NPR affiliate stations to a startup newsletter. She’s a graduate of both the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the U of I’s Springfield campus, where she received an M.A. through the Public Affairs Reporting program and got her start reporting in the Capitol.

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